Using either two or three scenes from Playtime and/or M, analyze the use of sound as a way of communicating or adding story information.

Unify your analysis by either contrasting the use of sound in your selected scenes or describe how this particular use of sound evolves during the film. Your analysis should focus on these particular elements of sound:

You may wish to answer the question: “How does a particular element of sound enhance each scene?”

Review the Sound outline for an overview of these concepts and Spadoni, chapter six, for more detailed descriptions.


I will evaluate your paper on the following criteria:

Outside sources are not required for this assignment, but please cite the page number when referencing any passages from the textbook. For example:

According to Spadoni, referential meaning is “everything that the film visibly and audibly presents to us” (19).


Although I didn’t like the film, I will resist evaluating the film in favor of analysis. Instead I will focus on “looking at film as a system of relationships and try to develop persuasive arguments about what that system is doing” (Spadoni 32).

Your paper should be about four-to-five pages in length and must be submitted as a PDF via email on the date specified on the syllabus.