Using one of the following films screened in class, describe how the narration reveals key story information at specific moments of the plot and of the film.

  1. Nostalgia
  2. Calendar
  3. Double Indemnity

You may wish to answer the question: what do we know about the story, how do we know what we know, and when/where do we learn that?

In analyzing the narration, consider at least one, but not all, of the following elements of narration:

Review the Narrative outline for an overview of these concepts and Spadoni, chapter two, for a more detailed description.


I will evaluate your paper on the following criteria:

Outside sources are not required for this assignment, but please cite the page number when referencing any passages from the textbook. For example:

According to Spadoni, referential meaning is “everything that the film visibly and audibly presents to us” (19).


Although I didn’t like the film, I will resist evaluating the film in favor of analysis. Instead I will focus on “looking at film as a system of relationships and try to develop persuasive arguments about what that system is doing” (Spadoni 32).

Your paper should be about four-to-five pages in length and must be submitted as a hard copy in class on the date specified on the syllabus.